To ensure the greatest transformative impact, USAID contributes to the U.S. Government Global Water Strategy’s shared vision of a water-secure world. USAID’s water and sanitation assistance are concentrated in countries and regions where needs and opportunities are greatest and where engagement can best protect U.S. national security interests. Partner countries are grouped into the following categories:
High-Priority Country: Designated under the criteria of the Water for the World Act of 2014 as a high priority for water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance based on needs, opportunities, and strategic considerations.
Strategic Priority Country: Strategic priority countries are countries where USAID anticipates continued water and sanitation programs due to a combination of strategic considerations and water-related development needs.
Strategy-Aligned Country: In addition to high-priority countries, USAID will address water and sanitation needs and opportunities in other countries through development assistance programs aligned with the Congressional Water Directive and the Agency’s strategic objectives.
The Agency’s water programs invest in Africa’s greatest resource – its people – and call on African leaders, thinkers, entrepreneurs, and innovators to work to end extreme poverty and sustain development for this and future generations.
Asia is the fastest-growing region on earth and home to more than half the world's population. Hundreds of millions have been lifted out of extreme poverty over the past few decades, contributing to economic growth, regional stability and a growing middle class. Yet with rapid economic growth come complex development challenges.
The Middle East and North Africa contain 12 of the world’s 15 most water-scarce countries. USAID works with the public and private sectors to develop and implement new “water-smart” technologies, and seeks opportunities to improve sustainable access to water for 20 million people in the region.
Over the past 20 years, poverty in Latin American and Caribbean countries has declined and economies have grown. The region has also experienced free elections, vibrant civil society, and responsive governments.
In addition to USAID's regional and country-level water programming, the Agency funds a wide variety of global initiatives to increase the reliability and sustainability of water supply; improve hygiene and public health; and extend sanitation coverage and promote associated behavioral change.