Ghana has made significant progress in providing basic water services at the national level. However, only 36 percent of people use a safely managed water source, while only 18 percent have access to at least basic sanitation. Maintenance and management of existing infrastructure also remains a challenge, as population growth and draining of wetlands combine to make water scarce, and rapid urbanization is further stressing access to safe drinking water and sanitation in cities.
USAID’s water-related work in Ghana is done in partnership with the public sector, private sector, and civil society. This includes USAID’s WASH for Health project, which aims to increase the number of people in target areas with access to an improved drinking water supply; increase the availability of community-based health resources such as bore wells, clean water, and sanitation facilities; encourage individuals and communities to adopt positive behavior change; and strengthen the community’s ability to plan, manage, and maintain sustainable WASH.