Governance, Finance, Institutions, and Markets
Publication Date



Alignment with the U.S. Global Water Strategy

This topic aligns with Strategic Objective 1 in the U.S. Global Water Strategy: Strengthen Water and Sanitation Sector Governance, Financing, Institutions, and Markets


Key Resources



USAID works with its partners to drive improvements in governance, finance, and market systems. These systems underpin progress toward universal access to water and sanitation services and broader water security. When countries have effective policies and regulations, country-led processes, and institutions capable of implementing them, they attract investment from both domestic and external sources. A cycle of increased capacity and performance, greater investor confidence, and increased sector finance ultimately enhances water security and accelerates coverage of water and sanitation services.

USAID WASH Lead, Joanne Dulce discusses Strategic Objective 1 in the Philippine context

USAID’s Approach

Develop, strengthen, and implement inclusive laws, policies, and regulations
USAID works with local, national, and regional institutions, including traditional or customary systems, to develop and improve the coordination and enforcement of laws, policies, and regulations. This includes promoting markets and advising on setting user fees, rate structures, and subsidies so that services are affordable to users while also ensuring long-term financial viability of public or private service providers.

Effectively mobilize and target public and private financing
USAID supports local and national governments to better utilize existing public funding and mobilize additional funds from domestic resources, user fees, and payments for ecosystem services; advises service providers on how to strengthen business viability and creditworthiness; partners with finance institutions to develop or expand financial products; and provides technical assistance to help structure private sector partnerships to improve management of water resources or enhance water and sanitation services.

USAID aims mobilize $1 billion for water security, sanitation, and hygiene

Improve the capacity and performance of regional, national, and subnational institutions
USAID works with local communities and governments to improve the performance and diversification of sector institutions and actors, including supporting capacity development for professionals in government, the private sector, and civil society. This includes advances in diverse human resources and staffing, business and operational planning, management systems and technologies, clarification of roles and responsibilities within decision-making processes, occupational health and safety, integration of data and evidence into routine planning, and communication with and responsiveness to customers and other stakeholders.

USAID aims to improve the performance of 1,000 water security institutions

Advance transparency, accountability, equity, and efficiency through participatory, data-driven decision-making
USAID supports civil society organizations to hold governments accountable, including in locations where partnership with governments is limited due to corruption and government-sanctioned conflict. USAID invests in evidence and data and works to ensure a diversity of constituents, especially underserved or marginalized groups and communities, can safely and meaningfully participate in the sector, including in sector research, data collection, and decision-making.

Read more under Strategic Objective 1 in the U.S. Global Water Strategy.



Featured Stories



Featured Activities

Urban WASH (to be awarded)
2023 – 2028

Transform WASH
2022 – 2027

Expanding WASH
2022 - 2027

Government-to-Government Activity: Sustainable Access to Water and Sanitation
2019 – 2024

Integrated Governance Activity (IGA)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
2017 – 2022

2016 – 2022


Find More Activities


Related Resources

UN 2023 Water Conference World Water Day and UN 2023 Water Conference

Each year, on March 22nd, World Water Day celebrates water and raises awareness about the two billion people currently living without access to safe water to meet basic needs and thrive.  World Water Day aims to inspire global action to achieve…
USAID Water 2022 Year in Review USAID Water 2022 Year in Review

Nearly a decade after the Senator Paul Simon Water for the World Act of 2014 was signed into law, USAID continues to increase access to safe water, sanitation, and hygiene services and facilitate sound water resources management each year. In 2022,…
USAID's WASH-FIN Zambia Country Brief USAID's WASH-FIN Zambia Country Brief

USAID’s Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Finance (WASH-FIN) program in Zambia provided strategic support to select Commercial Water Utilities (CUs) and the Ministry of Water Development and Sanitation (MWDS). The interventions were designed to improve…
USAID's WASH-FIN Nepal Country Brief USAID's WASH-FIN Nepal Country Brief

In 2017, USAID’s Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Finance (WASH-FIN) program in Nepal began with a goal to support closing the WASH services access gap with technical assistance to expand and institutionalize customer-centered WASH service delivery…
The PARC Program – Blended Finance to Upgrade Senegal’s Private Sanitation Exhauster Truck Fleet The PARC Program – Blended Finance to Upgrade Senegal’s Private Sanitation Exhauster Truck Fleet

This technical brief describes how USAID’s Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Finance (WASH-FIN) Senegal program worked to address manifold challenges of Senegal's private Sanitation Service Providers (SSPs) delivery of urban fecal sludge management.…