Priority Countries

Under the U.S. Global Water Strategy, the U.S. Government will focus its efforts on those countries where the needs are greatest, and where U.S. engagement can best protect our national-security interests.  

Within this set of countries, pursuant to Section 136 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (FAA), as amended by the Water for the World Act of 2014, 18 countries have been designated as high priority for Fiscal Year 2020 (October 2019–September 2020). The selection of these high-priority countries was based on the following factors, in the context of U.S. foreign-policy interests:

  • Level of need
  • Host government’s commitment, capacity, and ability to work with the United States
  • Opportunities to leverage U.S. support with the private sector and other donor partners
  • The likelihood of making significant improvements in the health, educational, and economic opportunities available to women and girls

Strategic Priority Countries

Strategic priority countries are countries where USAID anticipates continued water and sanitation programs due to a combination of strategic considerations and water-related development needs.

Priority Countries


Read WASH Country Plans

USAID has developed multi-year, country-specific plans for each of the high-priority countries, which describe how the Agency will implement the Strategy in that country (in part through U.S. foreign assistance). The USAID Water and Development Plan includes summary overviews of each high-priority country plan. The full-length high priority country plans, accessible via country plan pages on, represent a coordinated approach to address water and sanitation, and also align with host-country priorities, and complement programs by other U.S. government departments and agencies.

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