Factors Driving Success in Collective Action Approaches to WASH

Summary

Collective action approaches are increasingly being used to create sustainable water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services. However, these approaches are relatively understudied, and little evidence is available on what real-world factors influence their success. This brief summarizes a flagship report that systematically and robustly analyzed 11 cases from the USAID–funded Sustainable WASH Systems Learning Partnership (SWS) from 2016 until 2021 that took place in Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya. It provides information on the factors that drive success of collective action approaches and informs future WASH programming.

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