Evaluating Water Quality Assurance Funds In Ghana: Baseline Assessment


This report, developed by USAID/REAL-Water, summarizes baseline data collected before the launch of a two-year impact evaluation of the Water Quality Assurance Fund implementation model. This evaluation consists of a randomized stepped-wedge trial, which allows for rigorous impact measurements alongside a gradual intervention rollout. The evaluation involves 28 water systems in rural Ghana —21 that were randomly assigned to one of three groups successively entering the Assurance Fund program at six-month intervals; and seven that were non-randomly assigned to the first group. At baseline, we measured the same indicators that will be measured subsequently over the course of the stepped-wedge trial: 

  • Chlorine residual and E. coli in piped water (the primary outcome indicators for the trial);
  • Water treatment practices; 
  • Water quality knowledge of water system operators and local government officials;
  • Consumer awareness of and perceptions of water safety; and 
  • Consumer willingness-to-pay for increased water treatment and testing.

Related Resources

Program Report
Publication Date
Produced By
USAID/Rural Evidence And Learning For Water (REAL-Water)
14 pages
Related Countries