Health

Report

Nutrition-Sensitive Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene

This document summarizes evidence and guidance on project design and results framework indicators for nutrition-sensitive water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) operations and WASH components of other sector and subsector projects. The current body of evidence on the links between WASH and nutrition provides important clues as to what nutrition sensitive enhancements are needed to achieve greater impacts on early child nutrition and human capital.

Article

Managing Menstruation Delivers Dignity and Opportunity

In some remote parts of Ghana, girls are told that crossing a river during their menstrual period will offend the river deity — so some skip school to avoid incurring the deity’s wrath. In some rural communities in western Nepal, menstruating women are told that their presence jeopardizes crops, water supply, and health — so they go into quarantine each month. In Afghanistan, some women are told that showering during menstruation causes infertility — so they spend their entire cycle without washing themselves.

Water Currents

Water Currents: Menstrual Hygiene Day 2019

Every May 28, Menstrual Hygiene Day (MH Day) raises awareness and combats taboos associated with menstrual hygiene with the goal of enabling women and girls to achieve their full potential. The theme of Menstrual Hygiene Day 2019—It's Time for Action—not only emphasizes the urgency of this public health issue, but also highlights the transformative power of improved menstrual hygiene to unlock economic and educational opportunities for women and girls.
 

LiteratureReview

Integrating WASH into NTD Programs: A Desk Review

The USAID Neglected Tropical Disases (NTD) program has programs to eliminate and/or control NTDs in 24 countries. Even as NTDs are eliminated through mass drug administration, the reinfection of these diseases will remain a problem if behaviors and the environment remain unchanged. STH, schistosomiasis, and trachoma are all clearly linked to inadequate sanitation, contaminated food and water, and poor hygiene, providing an opportunity for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) related approaches to help change behavior and the environment.

Strategy

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Accelerating and Sustaining Progress on Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Global Strategy 2015-2020

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are critical in the prevention and care for all of the 17 neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) scheduled for intensified control or elimination by 2020. Provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene is one of the five key interventions within the global NTD roadmap. Yet to date, the WASH component of the strategy has received little attention and the potential to link efforts on WASH and NTDs has been largely untapped.

Summary

Cambodia Integrated Nutrition, Hygiene, and Sanitation Project (NOURISH) Impact Evaluation

Despite strong economic growth and rising living standards in the last two decades, high levels of undernutrition persist in Cambodia. Tackling childhood undernutrition requires a broad range of ‘nutrition specific’ and ‘nutrition sensitive’ interventions that act to ensure adequate dietary intake and address the multiple underlying or enabling determinants. However, when rigorously evaluated, interventions to improve dietary intake alone have not been successful in reducing stunting.