Mozambique has one of the highest rates of under-five mortality in the world, along with a high burden of diseases related to contaminated water and poor sanitation, such as diarrhea and cholera. The country has 1,300 health facilities for 27 million Mozambicans. Many of these facilities are in disrepair, and lack functioning water and sanitation systems. Weak governance and infrastructure gaps exacerbate inequalities between both urban and rural populations and rich and poor populations, which strains service delivery institutions. Low levels of water and sanitation services and poor hygiene practices result in high levels of diarrheal disease and malnutrition, which reduces the ability of Mozambicans to benefit from, and participate in, sustainable, long-term economic growth. The situation also fuels dissatisfaction with government services.
USAID will focus its investments on drinking water and sanitation sector targets, by providing support of activities that increase access to sustainable services (subject to the availability of funds). Key strategic priorities include leveraging funding through public private partnerships for WASH gains, promoting private sector involvement in water and sanitation service delivery, and increasing the availability of sustainable water and sanitation infrastructure in health care facilities and communities. The Government of Mozambique recently established a governance framework for private sector involvement in WASH service delivery, which provides an opportunity to test and scale-up innovative models. USAID coordinates closely with other donors active in the WASH sector, including the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, UNICEF, and the World Bank. Overall, these activities are expected to directly provide 60,000 Mozambicans with sustainable access to a basic water service, and help 40 health care centers gain access to basic water and sanitation facilities by 2020.
Source: USAID Development Experience Clearing House (DEC) and specific water activity websites. The funding level and start/end date shown here reflect the information available via the DEC or activity website at the time the activity was added to Globalwaters.org.
*Includes access to both basic and safely managed services