Ghana

Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet: West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Program (WA-WASH)

The West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Program (WA-WASH), implemented from 2011 to 2017, introduced innovative and low-cost water and sanitation technologies, and promoted appropriate hygienic behaviors at the community level. The program also developed practical models of sustainable WASH service delivery; and increases the capacity of national and regional institutions to replicate these approaches and models throughout the region.

Fact Sheet

USEPA West Africa Drinking Water Laboratory Capacity Program

With increasing rates of population growth and urbanization, infrastructure in African cities, such as water delivery systems and wastewater systems, can be overwhelmed. Poor governance, chronic underinvestment and a lack of skilled staff make it difficult for urban water utilities to provide safe drinking water to consumers. However, experience suggests that strong leadership and institutions, coupled with preventative risk-based management approaches and sustained capacity-building efforts, are critical to improving the quality of drinking water services in African cities.

Summary

Study of Targeted Subsidies Within ODF Communities in Ghana

Globally, CLTS has been widely embraced as a strategy to end open defecation, and dozens of countries have incorporated the approach as part of national policy for rural sanitation. Though the “total sanitation” focus of CLTS is laudable, there is reason to believe that the poor and more vulnerable segments of the community do not benefit equally, as they are more likely to construct lower-quality toilets and revert to open defecation.

Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet: West Africa Sanitation Service Delivery (SSD)

Some of the lowest rates of improved sanitation in the world are found in three project countries: Benin (13 percent), Côte d’Ivoire (14 percent), and Ghana (28 percent). Each country lacks affordable options for safe disposal and treatment of human waste. Densely populated areas, such as slum communities, have limited space to construct household toilets and land disputes coupled with a lack of urban planning complicate this problem.

Evaluation

Midterm Evaluation of the Sanitation Service Delivery (SSD) Project: Final Report

USAID/West Africa’s Sanitation Service Delivery (SSD) Project seeks to dramatically scale-up sanitation services delivery through market-based approaches that strategically complement the recent policy shifts and massive demand generation efforts in West Africa. The SSD program will develop, test, and market-based business models (BMs), reaching all segments of the unserved population, to achieve and sustain an improved level of sanitation service over time.

Report

Determining the Effectiveness and Mode of Operation of Community-Led Total Sanitation: The DEMO-CLTS study

Globally, 2.3 billion people lack access to safe sanitation services and 892 million people practice open defecation, which poses a dramatic threat to public health. Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) aims at eliminating open defecation by applying participatory activities that engage entire communities. CLTS has shown to be successful in eradicating open defecation, however, results remain diverse and in-depth understanding of CLTS’ mechanisms is still lacking. This study from RanasMosler tries to close this research gap.