The Environmental Services Program (ESP) was a sixty-four month program funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented under the leadership of Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI). ESP works with government, the private sector, NGOs, community groups, and other stakeholders to improve the management of water resources and expand access to safe water by strengthening watershed management and delivery of key environmental services, including clean water supply, wastewater collection and treatment, and solid waste management.
ESP provides technical assistance and related services to impact USAID’s Strategic Objective No. 2, Higher Quality Basic Human Services Utilized (BHS). BHS focuses on the interdependence of health and the environment and their impact on health outcomes. To achieve this, USAID strives to increase access and utilization of key health and environmental services, particularly to users currently underserved or not served at all. Central to the program includes a coordinated, collaborative, and integrated approach involving all of the programs of the Basic Human Services Office of USAID.
In order to more effectively impact the success rate of BHS programs, strong efforts are made to ensure as much synergy within the program as possible. The ESP project is committed to working closely with and in parallel to other relevant USAID programs such as, but not limited to, the Health Services Program (HSP); the Community-Based Influenza Control (CBAIC) project; the Safe Water Systems (SWS) or Aman Tirta program; and the Orangutan Conservation Support Program (OCSP) as well as partners from other donorfunded projects including, but not limited to, the World Bank and Asia Development Bank (ADB).
ESP takes a ‘Ridge to Reef’ approach to water resource management and clean water and sanitation services delivery. Upper watershed activities include forest conservation, critical land rehabilitation and water resource protection. Downstream activities prioritize increasing access to clean water and sanitation services in urban and peri-urban areas. Links are developed between upstream and downstream communities through Payment for Environmental Services (PES), where downstream water resource users pay or reward upstream water resource providers for safeguarding a sustainable supply of clean water. Additionally, both upstream and downstream stakeholders participate in health and hygiene activities aimed at improving health by breaking the fecal-oral transmission cycle. ESP manages its ‘Ridge to Reef’ approach through the following four specific technical components and a number of cross-cutting themes: