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Tracking WASH Financing in Kenya - Round III

Summary

Kenya adopted the TrackFin methodology of monitoring funding for the WASH sector in 2014. TrackFin was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in association with the United Nations (UN), Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the World Bank as part of UN Water's Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water (GLAAS) program, to address knowledge gaps of financial data in the WASH sector. TrackFin aims to help countries develop National WASH Accounts using a globally accepted methodology. The methodology builds on the experience of the health sector for which National Health Accounts have been developed in more than 100 countries, on a regular basis, for more than 20 years.

This report presents findings from the WASH Accounts in Kenya for financial years 2017/18, 2018/19, and 2019/2020 as well as the main players involved in financing WASH services.  The WASH Accounts aim to track all financing for WASH sector by all types of entities in the economy, including governments and public institutions, public and private organizations, NGOs, foundations, international and national donors, investors, and households.

The WASH Accounts enable countries to answer four key questions:

  1. What is the total expenditure in the WASH sector?
  2. Who pays for WASH services, and how much do they pay?
  3. Which entities are the main funding channels for the WASH sector?
  4. How are funds distributed to the different WASH services and expenditure types?

The information obtained is expected to improve understanding of the current expenditure in the WASH sector and inform national and global processes, such as reporting on financial indicators under the SDGs that the country has committed to. Of importance, the information will serve as an advocacy tool for more allocation of resources by both national and county governments to the WASH sector.

USAID through the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Finance (WASH-FIN) program facilitated the collection of data, preparation of the report, and TrackFin technical committee meetings with the Ministry of Water, Sanitation, and Irrigation (MoWS&I) and WHO. The meetings discussed and validated the TrackFin III report.

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