Securing Water for Food (SWFF) Grand Challenge Innovator aQysta, Barsha Pump | 2014–2017
Barsha means rain in Nepalese. Nepal is a country with more than 6,000 rivers, but its smallholder farmers often lack access to water for irrigation.
World Water Week (WWW) is the annual focal point for the globe’s water issues. In 2018, World Water Week will address the theme “Water, ecosystems and human development”.
Currently, more than 1.5 billion people live with water shortages for at least part of the year. Those water shortages often threaten their farms, livelihoods, and families.
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Throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, fresh water is being consumed faster than it is being replenished. Irrigation accounts for most of this use. Unlike traditional flood-style or rain-fed irrigation, drip irrigation delivers controlled amounts of water directly to each plant through a series of tubes and emitters. This can reduce agricultural water consumption by 30 to 60 percent and increase crop yields by 20 to 50 percent, yet only 27 percent of the irrigated cropland in MENA countries uses the technology.
AQUASTAT is the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization's global water information system, developed by the Land and Water Division. It is the most quoted source on global water statistics. AQUASTAT collects, analyzes, and disseminates data and information by country on water resources, water uses, and agricultural water management.
The Middle East and North Africa has less than two percent of the world’s renewable water supply. In fact, it is the world’s driest region, threatening sustainable agriculture, hydration, and sanitation.