Water Currents

Water Currents: Wastewater and Water Reuse

Water Currents is produced biweekly by USAID’s E3 Water Office. Each issue contains recent news and articles on water sector issues, partner and donor updates, latest sector research, and a special focus on one topic. Please provide your feedback and suggestions by contacting the waterteam@usaid.gov.


Treating Wastewater as a Resource

In an increasingly water-stressed world, productive and sustainable use of a variety of freshwater sources has become more important than ever. The theme of World Water Day 2017 — wastewater—provided an ideal moment to pause and reflect on how this often maligned and misunderstood water source can be treated safely to improve public health and enhance quality of life.


Municipal Services Program – Sindh Community Mobilization

Sindh is Pakistan’s second largest province in population and economic output. Despite Sindh’s economic progress, however, education indicators remain low. According to data from the Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement (PLSM) 2014-2015, the overall literacy rate in Sindh is 56%, while the male and female literacy rates are 67% and 43%, respectively. The Community Mobilization Program (CMP) supports the Government of Sindh’s education reform and USAID’s Sindh Basic Education Program (SBEP).


Water Security for Resilient Economic Growth and Stability Project

The Water Security for Resilient Economic Growth and Stability (Be Secure) Project in the Philippines is a four-year activity that seeks to promote good governance and build capacity for long-term water security, improve access to water and wastewater treatment services, and build more resilient communities.


Infrastructure Needs Program II

Not only is infrastructure development in the West Bank being performed in a constantly evolving, highly politicized environment, but since assuming limited self-rule over portions of the West Bank and Gaza in 1993, the Palestinian Authority (PA) has struggled to allocate sufficient resources to fully support the maintenance of existing infrastructure. Transportation, water and other infrastructure in the West Bank and Gaza have suffered badly from neglect, lack of investment and the direct impacts of conflict.


Local Construction Program

The success of a future Palestinian state depends upon an infrastructure system capable of providing basic services to a growing population. Prior to USAID intervention, years of underinvestment, poor maintenance, and a lack of repairs led to a serious deterioration of water, sewage, and roads networks; insufficient classrooms and recreational spaces for Palestinian youth; and insufficient health services. The donor community and USAID in particular have implemented an array of programs in the West Bank and Gaza (WBG) in order to address the critical infrastructure shortages.


Lebanon Water and Wastewater Sector Support

The LWWSS was designed to continue the USAID commitment to improve water supply and sanitation services for the people of Lebanon. The predecessor Lebanon Water Policy Program (LWPP) reflected a bold action by USAID to work directly with the Government of Lebanon. It demonstrated that carefully designed interventions joined with leadership from the government can produce impressive and inspiring results.


Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Project

With the objective of improving how water resources are utilized and wastewater facilities are managed over the next 25 years, the Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Project (WIP) responded to dire improvements needed in the water sector. The project seeked to achieve the objectives of:


Mafraq Wastewater Treatment Plant Upgrading

Mafraq is a provincial capital of 60,000 people in northern Jordan, about 15 km from the Syrian border. Mafraq’s existing wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), approximately 6 km north of city, utilizes stabilization ponds for wastewater treatment on a 37-hectare (ha) site. The plant began operation in 1988 and has consistently failed to meet Jordanian standards for stream (wadi) discharge. Equipment is seriously deteriorated, and inflowing sewage exceeds design capacity.


Institutional Strengthening and Support Program

Jordan is one of the most water-scarce countries in the world. Rapid population growth coupled with economic development needs places huge strain on already limited water supplies. The added burden of a large refugee influx has caused water demand to rise more than 20% in just three years. While Jordan is a regional leader in areas of water management including reuse, water quality and level of service, the water sector remains in crisis. Water sector institutions struggle to meet ever-growing demand for sufficient and safe water, and groundwater extraction exceeds sustainable supply.