Tanzania Integrated Water Sanitation and Hygiene Program (IWASH)


The Tanzania iWASH Program started in January 2010. Florida International University coordinates the program and leads on the water resource management (WRM) component. The main iWASH implementing partners to date have been Winrock International, leading on water supply and private sector components, and CARE International, leading on sanitation, hygiene and credit components. The Program was originally envisaged to end in December 2012. The WADA II Project started in September 2010, and has been an integral component of iWASH Program. The 3-year WADA II Project was partially funded under a separate mechanism, through an agreement with the Global Environment and Technology Foundation (GETF).


In 2012 iWASH Program was granted a 1-year ‘no cost’ extension by USAID, and GETF also approved a ‘no cost’ extension for the WADA II Project to end December 2013. Subsequently, GETF has approved a further ‘no cost’ extension for WADA II Project to enable CARE to complete agreed remedial work on water supply. In January 2014, USAID approved a further 2-year ‘with cost’ extension for the iWASH Program, to consolidate and build on achievements to date. iWASH Program will continue to December 2015. However, FIU’s main GLOWS Lead Award closed out at the end of September 2014.

Activity Description

The goal of iWASH is to improve health and increase economic resiliency of the poor in targeted rural areas and small towns through support to sustainable, market-driven water supply, sanitation, and hygiene services within an integrated water resource management framework, implementing the following activities:

  • Provision of drinking water supply to poor rural and small town dwellers
  • Provision of water supply for productive purposes to poor households in target communities
  • Interventions to stimulate productive use of water
  • Promotion of sanitation and hygiene services to poor rural and small town dwellers
  • Building private sector capacity to deliver WASH services in target areas
  • Building capacity of local NGOs, CBOs, local governments to deliver and sustain WASH services
  • Building capacity of Basin Water Offices and communities to manage watersheds and water resources effectively and to respond to the challenges posed by climate change

Expected Outcomes

  • Increased access to drinking water supply by poor rural and small town dwellers in target areas.
  • Increased access to water supply for productive purposes.
  • Access to sanitation and hygiene services for poor households in targeted communities increased
  • Improved management of watersheds and water resources with community participation
  • Increased private sector capacity to deliver WASH services
  • Increased capacity of local partners to deliver and support WASH services

Actual Outcomes

  • Supplied water to more than 200,000 Tanzanians 
  • Helped another 40,000 gain access to improved sanitation in schools and homes.
  • More than 250,000 people were sensitized to hygiene and sanitation as a result of support from iWASH
  • Trained more than a thousand Tanzanians in water resource managemeny
  • Trained and mobilized 22 local private sector entities to carry out low-cost drilling throughout Tanzania.
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