Most of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is under pressure from increasing population growth, urbanization, and consumption, as well as poorly-planned infrastructure development. All these factors are negatively impacting the quality and availability of freshwater resources. By linking freshwater conservation and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), Africa Biodiversity Collaborative Group (ABCG) partners expect reduced watershed degradation and pollution will help increase the health of watershed ecosystems and species. This will help conserve freshwater ecosystems and improve efficient use of dwindling water resources due to climate change, which will lead to increased access to clean water and improved human health.
With support from the United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Africa Bureau, the Africa Biodiversity Collaborative Group piloted innovative projects that integrate freshwater conservation and WASH in landscapes in South Africa and Uganda to address these challenges. The purpose of this document is to provide insights into how Conservation International, with its affiliate Conservation South Africa, and the Jane Goodall Institute integrated WASH activities into existing conservation programs in South Africa and Uganda, respectively.