Middle East

Country Profile

Yemen

In 2014 and 2015, conflict escalated throughout Yemen and disrupted the political transition process that followed 2011 protests over lack of economic opportunity, corruption and other issues. The country now faces a humanitarian crisis, with the UN estimating that 21.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance (82% of the population), more than any other crisis today.

Evaluation

Final Performance Evaluation of the Further Advancing the Blue Revolution Initiative (FABRI)

Final Report

Participatory Planning for Improving Water Use Efficiency in River Basins

Due to its geographical location and to the natural features of its climate, the MENA region figures historically among the most water scarce areas of the world and water management issues have always represented significant challenges. However, the region now faces an increasing and alarming water scarcity due to the growing pressure on water resources induced by the economic development and demographic growth.

Report

Utilizing Solar Energy for Water Pumping and Brackish Water Desalination in Agriculture

Increasing demand for agricultural crops has put an increased strain on limited freshwater resources in Jordan and Palestine. The area currently has shortages in freshwater and an abundant supply of saline water which has not been utilized for agriculture due to the economics associated with pumping and desalinization mainly from limited availability to electricity and high running cost of the alternative diesel generators.

Evaluation

Middle East and North Africa Water Sector Performance Evaluation

This report is an evaluation of water sector activities in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, funded by USAID’s Middle East Bureau.

The Middle East Bureau supports regional activities in water and environment to address long-term sustainable access to water in the region. The purpose of the evaluation is to provide lessons learned and recommendations for future programming in anticipation of limited funding scenarios. In particular, this evaluation will inform the following:

Article

Bringing Scientists Together on the Cutting Edge of Innovation in the Middle East

Accessing safe water and sanitation is an ongoing challenge in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. This historically arid area is home to about 5 percent of the world’s population, but only about 1.4 percent of the world’s freshwater resources. The demand for both water resources and a solution to sanitation challenges continues to grow.

Activity

Water Information System Platform

NASA/WISP activity’s objective is to improve water resources and agricultural management and planning within and across beneficiary countries based on quantitative and spatial-based decision making tools. NASA/WISP activity was developed out of a partnership with the World Bank, in which the World Bank provides funding for purchasing equipment, contracting technical expertise, travel, and training through its Regional Coordination on Improved Water Resources Management and Capacity Building (RCIWRM) project.

Evaluation

Water Reuse and Environmental Conservation Project (WRECP) - Aqaba Mechanical Wastewater Treatment Plant Preliminary Evaluation Report

The USAID Water Reuse and Environmental Conservation Project (WRECP) works throughout Jordan in institutional capacity building, pollution prevention for industries, solid waste and wastewater management, and water reuse. The project goal is to protect and conserve scarce resources through regulation, education, and coordination with industry, local communities and the private sector. A major component of the program includes pollution prevention and industrial water management.

Activity

Water Communications and Knowledge Management

More than 660 million people meet each new day without safe drinking water. One in three people still lack access to a toilet, and every day more than 350,000 children are born into a world that produces less food than it did the day before. Water is a vital resource not just for humans, but also for a variety of aquatic ecosystems, including wetlands, watersheds, rivers, estuaries and coastal areas. By 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population could be living in water-stressed conditions.