Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development (K-RAPID)

15-year-old Gilbert Kimathi fetches water from a just-commissioned rehabilitated borehole and steel water tank at Bula Mpya on 5th April 2019.

 

Kenya RAPID is a five-year development program bringing together public and private institutions to increase access to water and sanitation for people and water for livestock, and to rebuild a healthy rangeland-management ecosystem. Kenya RAPID strongly supports the Ending Drought Emergencies Common Program Framework launched by the Government of Kenya in November 2015, recognizing that “sustainable management of rangelands, water, crops, and increasing the contribution of livestock to the pastoral economy are critical to resilient livelihoods in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs).” From 2015 through 2020, Kenya RAPID will focus on five Northern Counties with high poverty rates, chronic food and water insecurity, and low access to basic services: Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, Turkana and Wajir. It seeks to increase the average water access coverage in the five counties from 37% to more than 50%. The program is designed to create a model that can be adapted for use by other counties.

Activity Description

From 2015 through 2020, the Kenya RAPID program will focus on five Northern Counties with high poverty rates, chronic food and water insecurity and low access to basic services: Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, Turkana and Wajir. It seeks to increase the average water coverage rate in the five counties from 37% to more than 50%. The program also is designed, to create a model that can be adapted for use by other counties. Three strategic objectives (SOs) will guide the program:

  • SO 1: A responsive and accountable governance framework is in place and operational at county government level that ensures sustainable provision of water and pasture;
  • SO 2: Replicable and scalable business models for sustainable WASH and livestock service delivery have been developed and operationalized; and
  • SO 3: Communities have increased access to sustainable WASH services and improved rangeland management.

The Kenya RAPID program uses a public-private partnership model to combine the assets and experience of development actors, private and public institutions, to address the complex problems created by inadequate water access and poor governance of natural resources in the ASALs. It acknowledges that:

  1. Strong county institutions are a necessary pre-condition to long-term sustainability;
  2. Enhanced coordination and integration of development programs across sectors will result in more-coherent and efficient support to county governments, increasing impact;
  3. Private-sector participation in the WASH and livestock sectors will increase investment and options for improved and financially viable water-service delivery;
  4. Communities must be empowered with the knowledge and ability to exercise rights and responsibilities for water and rangeland resources.
     

Expected Outcomes

The expected outcomes were:

  • A responsive and accountable governance framework,
  • Replicable and scalable business models for sustainable WASH and livestock service delivery,
  • Increased access to sustainable WASH services and improved rangeland management.