The regional water problems in MENA countries are rather universal, vary in intensity and impact, but share common problems in water scarcity, poor investment in water services to the poor, and limited coverage in water supply and sanitation. The priority challenge in this region is to extend basic water services to the millions of households, especially in the rural areas. MENA countries have expanded water supply to most citizens, and allocated substantial investment in the sector which is under risks because of increasing variability and scarcity of water supplies.
In most countries, there is no room for expansion of traditional water resources which in most cases have already been committed. Risky and expensive investment is now needed to develop non-conventional water resources including desalination, deep water aquifers, and wastewater treatment. The value added of this Network is to synthesize and share regional knowledge and experiences about these issues to guide investment and enhance the efficient management and equitable allocation of water resources through responsive water policies and pricing.
The Network implemented the above themes through: