sanitation systems and technologies


West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene

It is widely recognized that inadequate access to water and sanitation services has enormous health, economic and social consequences. Poor water quality continues to pose a major threat to human health. Diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in children under five years old, and is responsible for killing around 760,000 children every year (WHO, 2013). A significant proportion of diarrheal disease can be prevented through safe drinking-water and adequate sanitation and hygiene.


EAWAG Department Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development (SANDEC)

The mandate of Eawag's Department Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development (SANDEC) is to develop and test methods and technologies that help the worlds’ poorest access sustainable water and sanitation services. SANDEC has published key reports on fecal sludge management, a compendium of sanitation systems and technologies and offers online courses on Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries, Introduction to Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage, and other topics.

Communities of Practice

Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)

SuSanA is an open international alliance with members who are dedicated to understanding viable and sustainable sanitation solutions. It links on the ground experiences with an engaged community made up of practitioners, policy makers, researchers, and academics from different levels with the aim of promoting innovation and best practices in policy, programming and implementation.


USAID IUWASH: Regular Desludging for Cleaner and Healthier Jakarta

It turns out that Jakarta's sewerage system coverage reached only 4% of its total population. Domestic sludge disposal which are leaking through improper septic tanks pollute the ground water sources. Unfortunately, there are many people who still do not understand the hazard of ground water pollution, not only to the environment, but also to people's health and productivity. So, is there a solution? Yes. The Government of DKI Jakarta Province has issued a Regulation No.


USAID IUWASH: Access to Sanitation Through Microfinance

The USAID Indonesia Urban Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (IUWASH) Project collaborates with the District Health Office, sanitarians and local community to implement community-based total sanitation program in Probolinggo District, East Java, Indonesia. A pilot project called "Jamban Sehat" (Healthy Toilet) has been implemented to improve sanitation facilities for low-income families.


Improving Sanitation

According to the United Nations, as many as 1.1 billion people practice open defecation. Without proper latrines or toilets people must go behind bushes, in open fields, or use plastic bags. The world is also far from meeting the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for sanitation. Globally, improvements in sanitation have only increased to 63 percent, well below the 75 percent MDG target. Achieving this target is tremendously important. And no other single intervention brings greater public health returns.


Developing and Testing Innovative WASH Approaches in Ethiopia

This report was prepared by iDE as part of an effort to develop a sanitation marketing approach to stimulate local markets to provide sustainable sanitation solutions in rural Ethiopia. This report details the work done on refining sanitation products and business models, researching pit collapse issues, developing sales management strategies, and implementing trainings conducted for business and sales agents. It also includes challenges encountered, opportunities, and next steps in scale-up.

Implementation Brief

Sanitation: Water and Development Strategy Implementation Brief

Please note that this implementation brief applies to the 2013 USAID Water and Development Strategy, which has been replaced by the 2017 U.S. Government Global Water Strategy and USAID Water and Development Plan. Click here for more information.