sanitation service delivery


Understanding Factors and Actors to Achieve Sustainable Drinking Water Systems in Kitui County, Kenya

“Water and food security” is designated as one of five strategic priorities by Kenya’s Kitui County Government. Providing sustainable drinking water services in the area remains challenging despite progress on increasing access to water infrastructure. This brief presents findings from a water audit undertaken in Kitui county and a ranking of factors for sustainable WASH systems based on priorities of 42 actors as shared during a forum in February 2018.


Mapping Stakeholder Connections to Improve WASH Collaboration in Ethiopia

As organizations work to improve WASH services, what effect do their relationships with one another play in strengthening the local systems that underpin service delivery? The Sustainable WASH Systems (SWS) Learning Partnership employed network analysis to help answer this question for specific woredas and towns in Ethiopia (South Ari, Mille, and Woliso). SWS is supporting locally-led platforms to increase collaboration and knowledge sharing among stakeholders for improved efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability of local WASH services.

Global Waters Article

Seeking New Ways to Expand Sanitation for the Urban Poor in West Africa

Global Waters in Focus | An In-Depth Look at USAID's SSD Project Overview

Locations: Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ghana
Duration: 2014–2019
Implementing Partners: Population Services International (PSI), PATH, and Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP)



Using Network Analysis to Understand and Strengthen WASH Systems

On February 21, 2018, the Sustainable WASH Systems Learning Partnership (SWS) conducted a webinar that provides an introduction to network analysis and early lessons learned from analyses conducted in Ethiopia, Uganda, and Cambodia. SWS is using such analyses to better understand the complex interactions and interdependencies of actors in a local WASH system, with the ultimate goal of increasing the sustainability of WASH services.


African Sanitation Academy: Market and Feasibility Study in Southern Africa

This study is based on interviews with 66 key informants and officials from countries in Southern Africa, which together with limited desktop research, were conducted to gather and compile information and explore the possibilities for sanitation leadership training in the region. The Southern Africa study carefully considered the capacity building and leadership training needs of the urban sanitation sector (more than the rural sector).


African Sanitation Academy: Feasibility Report

This report collates the regional feasibility studies, which indicate that a lack of leadership in the sanitation sector is a significant factor contributing to poor performance. They also highlight the limited existing opportunities for developing leadership and management competencies through short, focused, “just-in-time” methods that meet the needs of the individual. Overall, the data has shown a high degree of congruence on whether it is feasible to create an ASA and what it should look like.


African Sanitation Academy: Market and Feasibility Study in East Africa

There are still many people who do not have access to improved sanitation and hygiene facilities or services in East Africa. For cities and other areas throughout the region, a lack of core country systems for sanitation, and a weak enabling environment, means that the building blocks for sanitation management and leadership are absent. To make the situation more challenging, targeting and implementation of sanitation improvements are clearly not meeting the needs of lower-income areas.