Globally, governments have set ambitious targets for universal access to safe drinking water and improved sanitation by 2030. Yet, most water utilities struggle from under-investment resulting in poor service quality.
In East Africa only 10 percent of fecal sludge is safely treated, and the problem worsening with increased urbanization and population growth. Despite the need, new treatment facilities are not coming online quickly.
This Water and Development Technical Brief provides an overview of the important factors to consider when designing a rural water activity and information on the strengths and weaknesses of various possible water service delivery models.