India strategy aligned country


1.3 B
Total population in the country


44 %
Population with access to safely managed and basic service sanitation

drinking water

88 %
Population with access to basic service drinking water

child mortality

Diarrhea related under age 5 mortality rate number/1,000 live births


1.7 M
People Gaining Access to Improved Drinking Water due to USG Assistance (FY 2008 - 2016)*


1.5 M
People Gaining Access to Improved Sanitation due to USG Assistance (FY 2008 - 2016)*

USAID Region



India is the second most populous country in the world, with almost 30% of the population living in urban areas.  Approximately 49 million people defecate in the open in India’s urban centers, contaminating water and causing diarrhea-related deaths. Urban populations will double by 2030 putting additional strain on existing infrastructure.

To address these challenges, the Government of India launched the five-year Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission to end open defecation across the country by October 2019. As part of its Water and Development Strategy and the U.S. Congress Water for the World Act, USAID supports the Swachh Bharat Mission in several ways.  

First, USAID collaborates with the Government of India to enable them to create awareness of WASH issues and to trigger demand from citizens and local government bodies for solutions. Then, both governments work together to increase access to clean water and sanitation. Finally, USAID works with the public and private sectors to scale up tested models nationally.  These activities are estimated to provide more than five million Indians with access to improved sanitation facility by 2020.

Source: USAID Development Experience Clearing House (DEC) and specific water activity websites.  The funding level and start/end date shown here reflect the information available via the DEC or activity website at the time the activity was added to

*Includes access to both basic and safely managed services