Mid-Term Performance Evaluation of the Sustainable Water and Sanitation in Africa (SUWASA) Project

This is a report on the Mid-Term Performance Evaluation of the Sustainable Water and Sanitation in Africa (SUWASA) project, funded by USAID in Washington, D.C. The project is being implemented by Tetra Tech ARD Inc., in nine countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia. Liberia was added after this evaluation started; therefore, it will not be part of this report. The project’s period of performance is September 30, 2009 to September 29, 2015. 

Country Profile


An estimated 4.8 million Zambians lack regular access to clean water, and 6.6 million lack access to adequate sanitation facilities. Poor water and sanitation are a major factor in Zambia’s high rates of childhood malnutrition (40 percent stunting) and mortality (seven percent of live births).

Global Waters Article

Changing the Landscape for Africa's Urban Water Services

Urban growth across much of sub-Saharan Africa is generating considerable pressure on public and private utilities to provide safe and reliable water and sanitation services. The municipal water infrastructure of many African cities also faces daunting challenges from age, lack of maintenance or connecting communities without water and sanitation access.

Global Waters Article

Breaking the Taboo: How School WASH Impacts Girls’ Education

The sound of girls singing echoes through the walkways of Kabulonga Girls Secondary School in Lusaka, Zambia. The song is in Nyanja, but the last three words of the chorus are in English. The girls sing: “Water, san’tation and hygiene…” The last syllable of “hygiene” is held through to the refrain.

Outside the classroom, little boys hang on the window bars or sit on the ledges, legs stretched out. They watch the singing with seeming envy. They look, at this moment, like they wish that they too were teenage girls.