infant mortality


DHS Analytical Study: The Association of Deforestation and Other Environmental Factors with Child Health and Mortality

This report uses data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in 12 countries in subSaharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean to study the associations between environmental variables and child health outcomes, including child mortality. The environmental variables include forest cover, deforestation, vegetation index, proximity to protected area, and proximity to water. These variables were extracted from external sources and linked to DHS data at the cluster level.

Focus Area Topic

Sanitation and Hygiene

Sanitation is more than just toilets, it encompasses the facilities, behaviors, and services that prevent diseases caused by contact with human waste. Hygiene refers to behaviors that can improve cleanliness and lead to good health.

Why it Matters


Despite Hostile Terrain and Social Barriers - An Evaluation of the Better Health for Afghan Mothers and Children Project

The overall purpose of the final evaluation was to assess the extent of achievement of project objectives and to contribute to CSHGP’s learning on integrated community-oriented programming. Specific objectives were to assess the extent to which the project accomplished its objectives and targets, to describe key factors that contributed to what worked in the project and what did not, to inform future actions and contribute to global learning.


Access to Clinical and Community Maternal, Neonatal and Women’s Health (ACCESS) / Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP)

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)/Nigeria transferred field support funding annually, over the period January 2006 through February 2012, to two consecutive USAID/Washington centrally-funded projects, first, to the Access to Clinical and Community Maternal, Neonatal and Women’s Health Project (ACCESS) and subsequently, when ACCESS ended, to the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP). The purpose of this final external evaluation is to assess achievements under the ACCESS/MCHIP Project relative to their objectives and indicators.


Targeted States High Impact Project (TSHIP) End-of-Project Evaluation Final Report

The Targeted States High Impact Project (TSHIP) is a six-year, $89,953,015 project which supported the integration of primary healthcare services to deliver maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) interventions and strengthen the health systems in Bauchi and Sokoto States. TSHIP supported USAID/Nigeria’s former Strategic Objective 13 (now Development Objective 4): Increased use of social sector services. TSHIP’s principle objective was to foster the use of high-impact interventions in the two focus states.


Target States High Impact Project - Mid-Term Evaluation

In 2009, the Targeted States High Impact Project (TSHIP), USAID/Nigeria’s flagship project, started improving the quality and delivery of a number of integrated high impact Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH), Family Planning (FP), and Reproductive Health (RH) interventions in two States, Bauchi and Sokoto in Nigeria. The TSHIP, along with other USG projects, is part of USAID/Nigeria’s “Focus State Strategy” designed to achieve impact at the State level.


Integrated Health Project in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Final Performance Evaluation

The five-year IHP supported the DRC’s National Health Development Plan (Plan National de Développement Sanitaire (PNDS), MSP, 2011–2015). The IHP’s main goal was to improve the enabling environment for and increase the availability and use of high-impact services, products, and practices for family planning (FP), maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH), nutrition, malaria, and tuberculosis (TB), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in target health zones (HZs).


Targeted States High Impact Project

Nigeria accounts for only two percent of the world’s population, but contributes about 10% of global infant, child, and maternal mortality. Every year, about one million children who are under five years old die and some 33,000 women die of pregnancyrelated conditions—most of which are preventable deaths. Nigeria has been grouped among the 68 countries that are unlikely to attain the Millennium Development Goals Four and Five (MDGs) on child and maternal survival by 2015. In nearly every area of primary healthcare, there is low coverage of high impact interventions.