The Limpopo River basin is one of the most vulnerable transboundary basins in the Southern African region, because of water scarcity and climate-related risks, as well as in its limited capacity to adapt. Water Demand Management (WDM) can reduce these risks through conservation and re-use of water resources.
Agricultural water management (AWM) seeks to use water in a way that provides crops and animals the amount of water they need, enhances productivity, and conserves natural resources for the benefit of downstream users and ecosystem services.
Why Agricultural Water Management Matters
Currently, more than 1.5 billion people live with water shortages for at least part of the year. Those water shortages often threaten their farms, livelihoods, and families.
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Throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, fresh water is being consumed faster than it is being replenished. Irrigation accounts for most of this use. Unlike traditional flood-style or rain-fed irrigation, drip irrigation delivers controlled amounts of water directly to each plant through a series of tubes and emitters. This can reduce agricultural water consumption by 30 to 60 percent and increase crop yields by 20 to 50 percent, yet only 27 percent of the irrigated cropland in MENA countries uses the technology.
AQUASTAT is the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization's global water information system, developed by the Land and Water Division. It is the most quoted source on global water statistics. AQUASTAT collects, analyzes, and disseminates data and information by country on water resources, water uses, and agricultural water management.
The Middle East and North Africa has less than two percent of the world’s renewable water supply. In fact, it is the world’s driest region, threatening sustainable agriculture, hydration, and sanitation.
We envision a world in which land governance systems, both formal and informal, are effective, accessible, and responsive for all.