water supply

Water Currents

Water Currents: World Water Day 2019

March 22, 2019 is World Water Day (WWD). This year’s theme—Leaving No One Behind—emphasizes the transformative power of clean water to drastically improve quality of life for the world’s underserved and marginalized populations.

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Tanzania Balances Competing Demands for Scarce Water Resources

The Tanzanian community of Loibor Siret is a village of approximately 5,000 people (predominantly ethnic Maasai) and 15,000 head of livestock --- a number that rises and falls with the seasons. Here, the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) works alongside Tanzania People & Wildlife (TPW) and community representatives to improve water management in this semi-arid landscape.

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Ukraine Increases Efforts to Monitor Forest and Water Health

An estimated 25 percent of Ukraine’s drinking water originates from watersheds. Nearly the entire population of western Ukraine depend on drinking water from mountain forests. The forests which house these watersheds play a key role in regulating water flow, protecting water quality for mountain communities and downstream users, and promoting resilience to floods and droughts. However, these areas are at risk due to increasing timber harvests and other land-use activities in the region.

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Teaming Up to Improve Efficiency of Water Use for Crop Production

The Middle East Regional Irrigation Management Information System (MERIMIS) project is a quadrilateral effort to help farmers better manage scarce water resources. Started in 2003, MERIMIS involves the U.S. Department of Agriculture and government agencies and NGOs from Jordan, Israel, and the Palestinian Authority. 

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Harnessing the Power of the Web for Agricultural and Climate Data Analyses

Satellite imagery and remote sensing data assist the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in formulating monthly estimates of global production of 17 agricultural commodities. Using a wide range of data layers from several sources, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (USDA/FAS) developed the Global Agriculture and Disaster Assessment System (GADAS) platform for its analysts and other users to rapidly visualize the current conditions of crops around the world, and compare current conditions to historic trends for a particular crop or place. 

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From Satellite to Village, Turning Data into Action

One night in July 2018, a rupture of the Xe Namnoy Xe Pian Dam in Laos sent more than 130 billion gallons of water cascading into downstream communities located along the Xe Pian and Xe Khong rivers in Laos’ Attapeu province, displacing thousands.

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Enhancing Media Coverage of Water Issues in Africa and the Middle East

With funding from the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Agency for Global Media (USAGM) has trained nearly 30 journalists from the Nile Basin and across the Middle East on a variety of water issues. The trainings built capacity among journalists who often do not have the resources to focus on a single topical issue, such as water. This project represented whole-of-government thinking resulting in an U.S. government interagency project that impacts millions of people by bringing them reliable news and information about water issues. 

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Using Green Infrastructure to Mitigate Urban Flood Risk

With a population of more than 1.5 million people, Udon Thani province in northeastern Thailand is growing and industrializing rapidly as it positions itself as a strategic communications and commercial gateway to Indo-China. While these changes will contribute to economic growth, these shifts along with likely future temperature increases and more extreme weather patterns will also put Udon Thani at a greater risk of water scarcity, flooding, and loss of green space.  Since 2013, the U.S.

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Hydrologists Without Borders

Through a cooperative program with the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES), the U.S. Water Partnership (USWP) has deployed U.S. hydrologists and water experts abroad for short-term consultancies, training programs, and public diplomacy missions. The program, termed by one expert participant as “Hydrologists without Borders,” helps U.S. embassies build cooperation and support for critical water issues in key countries, and has served as a new avenue for U.S. embassies to market U.S.

Brief

Adapting to Increase Access to Clean Water and Sanitation: IUWASH

USAID/Indonesia’s Urban Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (IUWASH) program was designed to support the Government of Indonesia (GOI) in making significant progress toward achieving its safe water and sanitation Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets by expanding access to these services. The $40 million project that operated in more than 50 Indonesian municipalities from 2011 to 2016.