urban sanitation

Executive Summary

Executive Summary: India Financial Institutions Reform and Expansion-Debt and Infrastructure Ex-Post Evaluation (Hindi)

Rapid urbanization in resource-constrained countries like India places massive pressures on infrastructure, and long-term solutions are needed to meet growing safe water and sanitation (WatSan) demand. USAID has invested in urban WatSan activities across Asia, Africa, and the Middle East that aim to address these needs, but there is seldom opportunity to validate whether its approaches yielded sustainable outcomes.

Topic

Urban

By 2050 an estimated two-thirds of the global population will live in an urban area. USAID and local partners work with water utilities and wastewater managers around the world to improve financing, governance, infrastructure, and service provision to strengthen urban water security and improve sanitation. This collection page contains resources showcasing best practices and lessons learned for WASH infrastructure and services in urban settings.

Evaluation

Final Performance Evaluation: Strengthening Ethiopia’s Urban Health Activity

USAID)Ethiopia designed the Strengthening Ethiopia’s Urban Health (SEUH) Activity to support the Government of Ethiopia’s Urban Health Extension Program (UHEP) by improving the quality of urban health services, strengthening referral linkages, building the institutional and technical capacity of regional health bureaus, and promoting intersectoral collaboration on urban health challenges. Using a mixed-methods approach, this final performance evaluation examines SEUH design, implementation, effectiveness, and sustainability. The evaluation findings and recommendations can guide the U.S.

Evaluation

Indonesia Urban Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (IUWASH) - Mid-term Evaluation

The Indonesia Urban Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (IUWASH) project was a five-year effort designed to support the Government of Indonesia (GOI) in making significant progress towards achieving its safe water and sanitation Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets by expanding access to these services. The purpose of this midterm evaluation was to determine of whether the project was meeting the expected results and outcomes at this point in the project.

Annual Report Story

Making Sludge Removal a Better Business

In West Africa, sanitation access for the urban poor is extremely low. A significant portion of the population living in informal settlements resort to open defecation, and those that have sanitation access often share a poorly maintained latrine with multiple families. Cholera outbreaks are not unusual. And prohibitive prices for fecal sludge collection services—a necessity for the type of onsite sanitation in these neighborhoods—stop many landlords and poor households from investing in latrines and proper waste disposal.