USAID)Ethiopia designed the Strengthening Ethiopia’s Urban Health (SEUH) Activity to support the Government of Ethiopia’s Urban Health Extension Program (UHEP) by improving the quality of urban health services, strengthening referral linkages, building the institutional and technical capacity of regional health bureaus, and promoting intersectoral collaboration on urban health challenges. Using a mixed-methods approach, this final performance evaluation examines SEUH design, implementation, effectiveness, and sustainability. The evaluation findings and recommendations can guide the U.S.
The Indonesia Urban Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (IUWASH) project was a five-year effort designed to support the Government of Indonesia (GOI) in making significant progress towards achieving its safe water and sanitation Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets by expanding access to these services. The purpose of this midterm evaluation was to determine of whether the project was meeting the expected results and outcomes at this point in the project.
The Indonesia Urban Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (IUWASH) Project was a five-year four-month, $40.7 million initiative designed to support the Government of Indonesia in the achievement of its safe water and sanitation Millennium Development Goal targets, as well as its policy objective of “Universal Access” to water and sanitation services nationwide.
A central goal of the U.S. Government Global Water Strategy is to facilitate sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation services, and promote the adoption of key hygiene behaviors. Such improvements are especially important in underserved peri-urban areas that often lack access to these services.
The Commercialization of Afghanistan Water & Sanitation Activity (CAWSA) was designed to develop a viable commercial business model for urban water and sanitation service delivery in Afghanistan. USAID awarded the first phase of CAWSA on November 12, 2008. The first phase of CAWSA closed in May 2011, while the second phase closed in mid-May 2014.
In West Africa, sanitation access for the urban poor is extremely low. A significant portion of the population living in informal settlements resort to open defecation, and those that have sanitation access often share a poorly maintained latrine with multiple families. Cholera outbreaks are not unusual. And prohibitive prices for fecal sludge collection services—a necessity for the type of onsite sanitation in these neighborhoods—stop many landlords and poor households from investing in latrines and proper waste disposal.
Tagbilaran, a city in central Philippines, is considered a tourist gateway to popular destinations, with great economic potential. The city, however, has struggled to develop an effective water and septage treatment infrastructure. USAID, through its Strengthening Urban Resilience for Growth with Equity (SURGE) project, partnered with the Tagbilaran City government to plan for a new septage management system.
Under the African Urban Poor Improved Water Supply and Sanitation (AUP-IWS) program, USAID/Ghana implemented the Water Access, Sanitation and Hygiene for Urban Poor (WASH-UP) program from 2009 to 2012. WASH-UP started in October 2009 in slum communities of the two major cities of Accra and Takoradi, Ghana.
The Sanitation Service Delivery (SSD) Program in West Africa is a USAID-funded five-year cooperative agreement with Population Services International (PSI), PATH, and Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP).