UNICEF

Report

WASH in Health Care Facilities | Status in Low- and Middle-Income Countries and Way Forward

The findings in this first multi-country review of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in health care facilities (HCFs) are sobering. Drawing on data from 54 low- and middle-income countries, the report concludes that 38% lack access to even rudimentary levels of water, 19% lack sanitation and 35% do not have water and soap for handwashing. When a higher level of service is factored in, the situation deteriorates significantly.

Article

Improved Chlorination Mitigates Disease Outbreaks

Access to safe drinking water is critical in preventing transmission of waterborne diseases. The benefits of using chlorine as a disinfectant in emergencies and waterborne disease outbreaks include low cost, high availability, and ease of monitoring. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) specialists have assisted Ministries of Water and Health and other partners to improve chlorination and water quality monitoring in Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Sierra Leone, Zambia, and Zimbabwe during outbreaks and emergencies.

Report

The Impact of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene on Key Health and Social Outcomes: Review of Evidence

This evidence paper developed by SHARE and UNICEF looks at 10 areas identified collaboratively on which WASH can plausibly have a strong impact: diarrhoea, nutrition, complementary food hygiene, female psychosocial stress, violence, maternal and newborn health, menstrual hygiene management, school attendance, oral vaccine performance, and neglected tropical diseases. The paper highlights a number of points where evidence-based consensus has been established, or is emerging in these areas.