Did you know one out of every three people in the world lacks a hygienic toilet in their homes? Sanitation is more than just toilets, however — it encompasses the facilities, behaviors, and services that prevent diseases caused by contact with human waste. USAID helps partner countries reach the poor and underserved to end open defecation, gain first-time or improved access to basic sanitation services, and move progressively toward safely managed services.
A central goal of the U.S. Government Global Water Strategy is to facilitate sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation services, and promote the adoption of key hygiene behaviors. Such improvements are especially important in underserved peri-urban areas that often lack access to these services.
The Commercialization of Afghanistan Water & Sanitation Activity (CAWSA) was designed to develop a viable commercial business model for urban water and sanitation service delivery in Afghanistan. USAID awarded the first phase of CAWSA on November 12, 2008. The first phase of CAWSA closed in May 2011, while the second phase closed in mid-May 2014.
The Isuku Iwacu Activity (also known as Rwanda Rural Sanitation Activity) is a four-year rural sanitation project awarded on September 2, 2016, and estimated to be completed by November 9, 2020. The Activity is being executed by a consortium of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) headed by SNV, and includes World Vision International and Water for People.
Partnering with the Government of Rwanda and local communities, USAID is working to enhance private-sector involvement in rural sanitation markets to help the nation achieve 100 percent improved sanitation coverage by 2020. Meeting this goal means overcoming a number of challenges, including a shortage of sanitation supplies and contractors; a lack of construction professionals involved in household sanitation; the need for a variety of latrine models that function in unique geographies and take consumer preferences and water access into account; and limited financing options.
On September 26, the USAID-funded Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability (WASHPaLS) Project held this webinar and discussion on sanitation enterprises and design considerations. WASHPaLS presents a detailed discussion of the elements of a sanitation enterprise including mechanisms and practices, design approaches, and key considerations based upon the findings a recent WASHPaLS desk review.
The Sanitation Service Delivery (SSD) Program in West Africa is a USAID-funded five-year cooperative agreement with Population Services International (PSI), PATH, and Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP).
The Sustainable Urban Water and Sanitation in Africa (SUWASA) program, implemented from 2009 to 2015, was a regional initiative to foster the transformation of water and sanitation delivery services in Africa to achieve their long-term financial sustainability through the application of market-based principles.