governance and management


Taking a Closer Look at Indonesia’s Environmental Services Program

What happens after USAID-funded WASH projects have closed? Are end-of-project outcomes sustained after one, two, or even seven years? USAID is supporting a series of independent ex-post evaluations of closed USAID WASH activities to inform future programming and these are the questions the Water Communications and Knowledge Management Team answered through its most recent ex-post evaluation of the Environmental Services Program (ESP), implemented by DAI in Indonesia between 2004 and 2010.


Surging Ahead with Water System Improvements

Tagbilaran, a city in the Philippines’ central region, is considered a gateway to popular tourist destinations with great potential to become an engine of inclusive economic growth.

Focus Area Topic

Governance & Finance

Strong governance, financing, and institutions are critical to helping countries transition away from donor assistance in the water sector.

Why it Matters

Sound governance is essential to achieving water security. National governments must make water and sanitation issues a priority, while both national and local governments must create enabling environments that will improve drinking water and sanitation service delivery, improve water sector coordination, mobilize investment, and incentivize management of water resources.

Case Studies

Maintaining Water Security in Critical Water Catchments in Mongolia

This ecosystem-based adaption (EbA) case study highlights the key EbA activities under the Ecosystem-based Adaptation Approach to Maintaining Water Security in Critical Water Catchments in Mongolia project and how the project helped vulnerable communities in two areas of rural Mongolia adapt to climate change. The case study also describes the strategies taken by the project to support and sustain EbA.


Strategy to Help Achieve Access for All

According to the 2015 WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme 435 million Africans lacked basic drinking water service, and 736 million Africans lacked basic sanitation service.  

In November 2017, the African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW) took a concrete step toward its role in realizing available and sustainable water and sanitation for all. At the 15th Anniversary Celebration and Executive Committee meetings of AMCOW, ministers from African countries, development partners, and sector stakeholders gathered to review and pass the 2018–2030 Strategic Plan for AMCOW.


African Sanitation Academy: Market and Feasibility Study in Southern Africa

This study is based on interviews with 66 key informants and officials from countries in Southern Africa, which together with limited desktop research, were conducted to gather and compile information and explore the possibilities for sanitation leadership training in the region. The Southern Africa study carefully considered the capacity building and leadership training needs of the urban sanitation sector (more than the rural sector).


African Sanitation Academy: Feasibility Report

This report collates the regional feasibility studies, which indicate that a lack of leadership in the sanitation sector is a significant factor contributing to poor performance. They also highlight the limited existing opportunities for developing leadership and management competencies through short, focused, “just-in-time” methods that meet the needs of the individual. Overall, the data has shown a high degree of congruence on whether it is feasible to create an ASA and what it should look like.


African Sanitation Academy: Market and Feasibility Study in East Africa

There are still many people who do not have access to improved sanitation and hygiene facilities or services in East Africa. For cities and other areas throughout the region, a lack of core country systems for sanitation, and a weak enabling environment, means that the building blocks for sanitation management and leadership are absent. To make the situation more challenging, targeting and implementation of sanitation improvements are clearly not meeting the needs of lower-income areas.