Published October 2020. This synthesis summarizes key findings from a series of six independent ex-post evaluations that assessed the extent to which USAID–funded WASH activities sustained outcomes three to 10 years after closure and which factors drove those outcomes.
This executive summary, translated from English into Bahasa, provides the key findings from an evaluation of the long-term sustainability outcomes associated with the USAID-funded Indonesia Environmental Services Program (ESP) activity.
This evaluation examines the long-term sustainability of selected components of the USAID/Indonesia Environmental Services Program (ESP), which was implemented from 2004–2010 and included capacity-building efforts to improve financing and management of Indonesian municipal water utilities.
The Environmental Services Program (ESP) was a sixty-four month program funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented under the leadership of Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI).