disaster risk reduction

Progress Report

[OFDA] Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Sector Update FY 2016

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs represent vital components of USAID Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) responses to slow- and rapid-onset disasters and complex emergencies, as disaster-affected populations are more susceptible to illness and death from waterborne and communicable diseases.

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2016, USAID/OFDA provided approximately $247 million to support WASH programs in more than 35 countries.

Real Impact

Real Impact: Be Secure - Water Security for Resilient Economic Growth and Stability

The Philippines has emerged as one of the fastest growing economies in Southeast Asia, with GDP growth averaging 6 percent between 2010 and 2016. Despite the growth, poverty still persists, exacerbated by 15 million Filipinos lacking access to clean water, and 26.5 million with little or no access to sanitation facilities.

Much of the population is vulnerable to changing weather patterns that include less rain, longer dry seasons, increased flooding, and more violent storms. Further complicating the situation are the approximately 20 typhoons that hit the country annually.


Bolstering Water Security and Supply in Afghanistan

When disaster strikes, the most urgent task for emergency responders is to restore access to safe drinking water to stave off waterborne disease outbreaks that often follow. Afghanistan is extremely prone to disasters, both natural and man-made. In April and May of 2014, 17 provinces in northern Afghanistan experienced the worst seasonal flooding in 100 years. The floods killed more than 200 people, wiped out homes, and destroyed or contaminated wells and other sources of water.


U.S.-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Water

The United States Government through United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Government of Pakistan through the Higher Education Commission (HEC) have partnered together to create state of art centers for advanced studies.


Wellness and Agriculture for Life Advancement PL480 Project

Catholic Relief Services (CRS) Malawi began implementation of the Wellness and Agriculture for Life Advancement (WALA) program in July 2009, with an ending date of June 2014. This five-year USAID-funded PL480 Title II program is through Food for Peace (FFP) and implemented in the eight most food insecure districts in the south of Malawi. WALA is implemented by a consortium of nine Private Voluntary Organizations (PVOs) led by CRS Malawi as the grant holder.


Coastal City Adaptation Project

Mozambique’s coastal cities serve as economic hubs and primary drivers of the country’s development. These coastal cities house much of the country’s key infrastructure and productive workforce, which are vital to sustaining the strong economic growth levels Mozambique has enjoyed over the past few years. But they are also vulnerable to sea level rise and projected changes in extreme events.


Afghanistan Engineering Support Program

AESP provided architectural and engineering services for USAID in various sectors, including water and sanitation, and energy. This seven-year program, valued at $97 million, ran from November 2009 to November 2016. The program initiated over 250 work orders.


Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience

Since 2011, USAID/OFDA has provided more than $1.5 million to the CADRE program, enabling USAID/OFDA and USAID/Indonesia to partner in funding projects that educate and engage communities and local officials in climate change adaptation measures and improve linkages between national-, provincial-, and district-level governments, leading to more coordinated and inclusive DRR and climate change planning.


Liberia Agricultural Upgrading, Nutrition & Child Health

Devastated by a 14-year civil war, the Liberian government established a peace accord and transition toward a democratic government in 2003. The nation has now undergone five years of peace building and reconstruction, investing in roads, schools, hospitals and clinics, educational facilities, electrical power supply, and other essential physical infrastructure that was destroyed or severely damaged during the war.