annual reports

Resource Collection

USAID Water and Development Annual Reports

Water impacts health, food, energy, security, economic growth, and environmental stability around the world. USAID’s work to address the challenge of improving water and sanitation access to the 2.1 billion people without safe drinking water and the estimated 4.4 billion people without adequate sanitation is documented in its annual report. In addition to taking a comprehensive look at USAID water programming over the past year, the annual report breaks down funding by country and region and provides results of its work in water, sanitation, and agricultural water management.

Report

USAID Report to Congress on the Design and Implementation of Programs in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) – FY 2018

USAID recognizes that lack of access to safe sanitation facilities and sufficient water and supplies for hygiene, including for menstrual hygiene, disproportionately affect women and girls. As part of the the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2019, USAID was required by Congress to include a report on its current sanitation and hygiene programs address these issues, including ensuring the availability of feminine hygiene products.

Annual Report Story

Collaborating to Improve Drinking Water in Haiti

Haiti’s vulnerability to natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and flooding have complicated efforts to repair, expand, and sustain access to safe water and sanitation. The low levels of water and sanitation services and poor hygiene practices contributed substantially to the severity and rapid spread of the cholera epidemic in 2010. Hurricane Matthew in 2016 further compromised the fragile WASH sector in affected areas.

Annual Report Story

Constructed Wetlands Solve Wastewater Woes

In the future, urban areas in the Dominican Republic will face increased risk of severe flooding, sea level rise, higher temperatures, and changes in rainfall patterns. This flooding and uneven rainfall exacerbates wastewater disposal challenges for the 75 percent of the country’s residents who are not connected to regulated wastewater and sewage systems. Large-scale treatment facilities are not feasible given the lack of available land and localization of major settlements, so the Climate Risk Reduction Project “thought small.”

Annual Report Story

Preparing East Africa for an Uncertain Future

Rising temperatures and an increase in extreme weather events in East Africa are impacting community livelihoods, the regional economy, and access to improved water and sanitation. Against this backdrop, USAID launched Planning for Resilience in East Africa through Policy, Adaptation, Research and Economic Development (PREPARED) in 2012, to help build the region’s capacity to plan and adapt to the impacts of a changing climate.

Annual Report Story

Women Mobilize to Promote Cheaper, Cleaner Drinking Water in India

In late 2017, USAID Administrator Mark Green visited a water kiosk in Hyderabad, India, to understand how a public-private partnership model of water service delivery makes safe drinking water available and affordable for people who generally have limited access to it. He met a community mobilizer, Surekha, who encourages her neighbors to frequent the kiosk.

Annual Report Story

Sensor Monitoring Keeps the Water Flowing in Ethiopia's Lowlands

In the harsh, arid lowlands of Ethiopia, USAID is working with the government to accelerate progress on its One WASH National Program to increase access to basic water services to 83 percent of its population. In the mostly pastoral communities where the USAID Lowland WASH Activity is based, water sources are few and far between, and even when available, those sources may not be functioning or dispensing safe water.

Annual Report Story

Making Sludge Removal a Better Business

In West Africa, sanitation access for the urban poor is extremely low. A significant portion of the population living in informal settlements resort to open defecation, and those that have sanitation access often share a poorly maintained latrine with multiple families. Cholera outbreaks are not unusual. And prohibitive prices for fecal sludge collection services—a necessity for the type of onsite sanitation in these neighborhoods—stop many landlords and poor households from investing in latrines and proper waste disposal.

Annual Report Story

Creating a Vibrant Private Sector-Driven Sanitation Business in Rwanda

Partnering with the Government of Rwanda and local communities, USAID is working to enhance private-sector involvement in rural sanitation markets to help the nation achieve 100 percent improved sanitation coverage by 2020. Meeting this goal means overcoming a number of challenges, including a shortage of sanitation supplies and contractors; a lack of construction professionals involved in household sanitation; the need for a variety of latrine models that function in unique geographies and take consumer preferences and water access into account; and limited financing options.