Webinar: A Look Back at the USAID/India FIRE-D Project


How sustainable are outcomes several years after water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) projects have closed? In this webinar, Leslie Greene Hodel presents findings from an evaluation of the USAID/India Financial Institutions Reform and Expansion–Debt and Infrastructure (FIRE-D) project, implemented by TCG International between 1994 and 2011.



About the FIRE-D Evaluation

FIRE-D worked in partnership with the Government of India on new approaches to plan, design, and finance urban infrastructure. Seven years after the close of the project, the evaluation team used qualitative interviews and municipal water and sanitation access data to examine the sustainability of selected FIRE-D approaches to develop sustainable urban environmental services, ensure the poor have access to those services, and improve the ability of city and state governments to mobilize resources and increase their revenues.

About the Ex-Post Evaluation Series

The USAID Water Office is conducting a series of independent ex-post evaluations of the Agency’s water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities to inform future USAID investments in the sector and to better understand the long-term impact and sustainability of its interventions several years after projects close. The FIRE-D evaluation is the fourth in the series.