Water Currents: World Water Week 2019

Policymakers, researchers, and private sector representatives from around the world will soon gather in Stockholm for World Water Week, where they will be discussing local and global efforts to strengthen water security in a changing world. Convened by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), this year’s conference will run from August 25-30. 
This issue of Water Currents provides information about this year’s World Water Week sessions, highlights USAID participation, and features recent studies and resources related to this year’s conference theme — “Water for Society: Including All.”

World Water Week 2019. World Water Week is an annual focal point for discussion of global water issues. Some of the resources that can be found on the official conference website include the conference program and the Seminars Abstract volume, a compilation of the oral and written scientific presentations that have been chosen for this year’s seminars.
USAID at Stockholm World Water Week 2019. This year’s USAID sessions will address topics ranging from elevating women’s role in water sector leadership to promoting self-reliance through improved financing of water and sanitation services.

Inclusive WASH
World Water Development Report 2019: Leaving No One BehindUN Water, March 2019. This report demonstrates why improvements in water resources management and access to water supply and sanitation services are essential steps for addressing various social and economic inequities.
Leaving No One Behind: SWS Briefing SeriesSanitation and Water for All, October 2018. This briefing note examines how SWA partners can work together to eliminate inequalities in access to water and sanitation.
Mainstreaming Disability and Making WASH Programmes InclusiveInstitute of Development Studies, October 2018. There is a broad consensus that from the design stage onward, it is essential to involve those who will use WASH facilities and consult them in order to better understand barriers faced. This report highlights why the process for assessing WASH provision in a given context needs to be inclusive, as does the technical design of the facilities to be delivered.
Evaluating Equity and Inclusion in Access to Water and Sanitation for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS in Wukro, EthiopiaWater, September 2018. This study presents recommendations on how to specifically target the needs of people living with HIV/AIDS in order to achieve equitable and inclusive access to water and sanitation.
Building Partnerships for Shared Waters: Experiences and Recommendations of Young People Working Towards Water CooperationWater Youth Network, June 2019. These lessons learned are gathered and shared to serve a dual purpose: To inspire greater youth engagement on water issues while paving the way for countries and organizations to more effectively foster youth involvement in water supply management.

WASH Governance 
Progress in Water Footprint Assessment: Towards Collective Action in Water GovernanceWater, May 2019. This editorial introduces 10 studies in the field of water footprint assessment (WFA) —  the study of freshwater use, scarcity, and pollution in relation to consumption, production, and trade patterns — that are representative of the type of papers currently being published in this broad interdisciplinary field.
Is Corruption in Sanitation Killing Pushpa’s DreamWater Integrity Network, July 2019. Corruption in the sanitation sector reduces the availability of already limited financing for the provision of sanitation, and can result in the delivery of substandard facilities and services. This blog shows how governments’ dishonest monitoring of sanitation service delivery compounds the problem.
Droughts and CorruptionECONSTOR, September 2018. This paper analyzes the influence of droughts on corruption for 122 countries during the years 1985-2013. Relying on a meteorological drought index, the findings show that higher drought exposure is followed by increases in corruption. This effect holds true for subgroups of poor and rich countries, although the timing and intensity are different.
Corruption and the Business Environment in Vietnam: Implications from an Empirical StudyAsia and the Pacific Policy Studies, March 2019. This article finds that corruption and government-related activities (such as supply of electricity, supply of water, business registration, and licensing and permitting) have negative associations with the quality of the overall business environment.

Water Security and Supply
Erika Weinthal on the Weaponization of Water in Conflict SettingsNew Security Beat, August 2019. In this podcast, Erika Weinthal from Duke University discusses her research on the role water plays in active and protracted conflicts, specifically highlighting the consequences of targeting water systems and weaponizing water during war.
Water, Security, and Conflict: Issue BriefPacific Institute, August 2018. This issue brief summarizes the current understanding of water and security threats and explores how they are linked to conflict, migration, and food insecurity. The authors review the key drivers behind growing water risk, describe and illustrate various water and security pathways, and present approaches for reducing water-related risks to global security.
Water Service Provision and Peacebuilding in East Timor: Exploring the Socioecological Determinants for Sustaining Peace. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, May 2018. This article examines water management in East Timor to highlight challenges and peacebuilding opportunities associated with sustainable water resource management in post-conflict zones.
Beneath the Surface: The State of the World’s Water 2019WaterAid, March 2019. This report discusses how the water footprint of any given item is made up of three different types of water. ‘Green water’ in this context is soil moisture; ‘blue water’ is used for irrigation, drawn from lakes, rivers, and aquifers; and ‘grey water’ is the amount of water needed to dilute any pollutants created in production before the water is released back into the environment.
A Contribution to Harmonize Water Footprint AssessmentsGlobal Environmental Change, October 2018. The water footprint has introduced a much-needed perspective for decision-makers on the use of water resources in supply chains. This article addresses how the water footprint concept has been used as a tool to not only assess and improve water-use efficiency and water resources management, but also to better understand potential environmental impacts of water consumption in products.
Transitions in Water Harvesting Practices in Jordan’s Rainfed Agricultural Systems: Systemic Problems and Blocking Mechanisms in an Emerging Technological Innovation SystemEnvironmental Science & Policy, June 2018. The authors analyze system barriers for water harvesting innovation in Jordanian agriculture, declaring that the main barriers to innovation are financial limitations, lack of a common vision, and institutional hurdles.

Water and Sanitation Businesses
Webinar: Designing Effective Sanitation Enterprises. USAID WASHPaLS, 2018. In this webinar, WASHPaLS presents a detailed discussion of various elements of a sanitation enterprise, including mechanisms and practices, design approaches, and key considerations based upon the findings of a recent WASHPaLS study, Scaling Market-Based Sanitation: Desk Review on Market-Based Rural Sanitation Development Programs.
Strengthening the Business Case for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: How to Measure Value for Your BusinessWateraid, 2018. The private sector has a crucial role to play in driving the step change needed to meet Sustainable Development Goal 6 on water and sanitation. This guide has been developed to support evidence gathering and strengthen the business case for WASH improvements.
The Health, Safety and Dignity of Sanitation Workers: A Blind Spot in Safely Managed SanitationWater Blog, May 2019. Sanitation workers often endure terrible working conditions and are generally taken for granted in sanitation programs. However, as this blog reveals, the sanitation service chain can’t function without them.
Health Risks for Sanitation Service Workers along a Container-Based Urine Collection System and Resource Recovery Value ChainEnvironmental Science & Technology, June 2019. This study assesses occupational exposure to rotavirus and Shigella spp. during CBS urine collection and subsequent struvite fertilizer production in eThekwini, South Africa.
Guaranteeing the Rights of Sanitation Workers: Links Between SDG 8 and SDG 6WaterAid, June 2019. Many of the challenges sanitation workers face stem from their lack of visibility in the public sphere and their voices going unheard as a result. To address the situation, this policy brief proposes that governments should recognize sanitation workers as workers and as human beings who have been historically marginalized, and formalize their work by providing them with working conditions and social protection that match their value within the labor force.

WASH Sector Innovation 
Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Innovation Catalogue:  A Collection of Innovations for the Humanitarian SectorElrha, 2019. This Humanitarian WASH Innovation Catalogue is the first of its kind. Offering a unique overview of some of the most promising new solutions in WASH, the catalogue is designed to help practitioners decide which innovations could help them solve their most pressing problems.
Innovations for Urban Sanitation: Adapting Community-Led Approaches. Institute of Development Studies, 2018. This report offers practical guidance on community mobilization and community-led solutions to urban sanitation challenges.


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