USAID/India Health of the Urban Poor Program Mid-Term Evaluation Report

In India, the urban poor are among the fastest growing and especially vulnerable sub-populations, having limited access to clean water, sanitation, and health care. Despite compelling need, urban health has not been a priority issue and receives less attention than rural health care. Since 2001, USAID has engaged in an active partnership with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare/Government of India (MOHFW/GOI), beginning with the Environmental Health Project-India (which in 2005 transitioned to a nongovernmental organization [NGO], the Urban Health Research Center [UHRC]), in addition to providing long-term assistance for improving water and sanitation in urban areas. In response to GOI’s proposed National Urban Health Mission (NUHM), the Health of the Urban Poor (HUP) project in 2009 was designed to work at state, municipal, and community levels to develop innovative policies and program strategies to better meet the health needs of the urban poor.