Between April and October 2018, Whave conducted five factor mapping workshops in Kamuli District, Uganda to learn about factors that affect the functionality of rural water services in the area. Factor mapping is a stakeholder-driven activity that seeks to create understanding of local systems and system leverage points by sharing, challenging, and making explicit stakeholders’ assumptions of how issues arise from a complex interaction of unique factors. This SWS research brief presents the primary steps involved as well as the priority factors stakeholders identified and how they are connected. The analysis produced several insights that can help identify key leverage points to focus efforts to promote the functionality of water services in Kamuli District. The full summary report of the factor mapping analyses can be found here.