Preparing to be Unprepared: Developing Guidance on Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) in Emergencies

In the early stages of a rapid-onset emergency, considerable effort and resources are invested to build latrines to contain excreta and prevent open defecation. However, the next steps – emptying full latrines and safely managing the faecal sludge – are essential services that are often overlooked in initial planning. In order to address this problem, Elrha's Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF), a program managed by Elrha, launched a Challenge to develop and effectively disseminate guidance on faecal sludge disposal sites in first phase emergencies. This guidance is intended to support humanitarian practitioners in site selection and establishment, as well as associated risk mitigation.