This evaluation comes at the chronological end-of-project of the two bilateral Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WSSH) projects. The objective is to help determine the likely impact of the USAID interventions in improving access to drinking water and adequate sanitation services to beneficiaries; the perception of the population on the approaches used by the projects; and the sustainability analysis of the approach adopted to manage WSSH infrastructures.
The first WSSH project (RANO HP) run from October 2009 to June 2013 and the second WSSH project (RANON’ALA) from October 2010 to September 2013. The present evaluation mission started on December 16, 2013 and fieldwork took place in February and March 2014.
The RANO HP project aimed to increase sustainable access to improved water supply, increase sanitation coverage rates, and improve household hygiene practices in 43 communes in twelve districts along the east coast and in southern Madagascar.
The RANON’ALA project intended to build on the strategies of the USAID funded RANO HP water and sanitation project, while introducing significant innovations for hygiene and sanitation solutions, market-based financing for water infrastructure, and using information and communication technologies (ICT) for information dissemination, monitoring, and evaluation. In addition, targeted communes overlap significantly with those benefiting from the USAID funded community-based health care project (Santenet2) and food security project (SALOHI).