Installation of a water point can be transformative for a community, but only as long as it continues to function. A quarter of all water points in Ethiopia, according to a national water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) inventory, no longer work, a particularly troubling trend in a country with high rates of diarrheal disease and frequent drought cycles. Failed infrastructure is a waste of money and promise.
In recent years, the global WASH community has increased its focus on improving sustainability to guarantee more long-lasting solutions. To understand what outcomes are sustained over time, USAID is supporting a series of independent ex-post evaluations of USAID–funded WASH activities, which will inform future USAID programming. This brief summarizes the third evaluation in the series, which examines the long-term outcomes of the Millennium Water Alliance-Ethiopia Program (MWA-EP).