Decision Support Tools for Sanitation-Related Policymaking - Technical Paper for Practitioners


Universal access to basic sanitation is a long-standing challenge despite decades of interventions by governments, donors, funders, and civil society. And while the importance of the private sector for the supply of toilets has been recognized since the 1980s, few development programs applying market-based sanitation (MBS) approaches have scaled. The objective of the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability (WASHPaLS) project is to better understand the barriers to scaling MBS interventions and improve programming globally.

The USAID/WASHPaLS Scaling Market-Based Sanitation: Desk Review on Market-Based Rural Sanitation Development Programs (2018)highlighted the barriers sanitation markets face to scale across the sanitation market system and identified some remedial interventions at the three levels of the sanitation market system―the core sanitation market itself, the business environment, and the broader context. This brief presents an approach to support decision-making for sanitation-related policies and improve the business environment for sanitation markets.

Related Resources

Technical Brief
Publication Date
Rishi Agarwal, Subhash Chennuri, Abhishek Khanna, Akshay Kohli, FSG
32 pages
Implementing Partners
Population Focus