Capacity Development in the WASH Sector of Ethiopia


This is the fifth position paper in a series of five produced through the 2017-2019 Millennium Water Alliance Bridge Program in Ethiopia.


When considering how to improve capacity in Ethiopia’s WASH sector, it is important to take into account the following:

  • Significant capacity gaps surrounding the WASH sector exist in government, communities, educational institutions and the private sector.
  • Ability gaps exist around preliminary assessment, planning, design and quality control of WASH facilities.
  • Priorities in capacity development should include operations and maintenance for already-existing water points to increase sustainability, as opposed to focusing primarily on new implementation.
  • Women are significantly underrepresented in government and private sector WASH work.
  • The WASH sector is increasingly opening up opportunities for private sector roles, but private sector capacity – such as business operations, quality control and WASH knowledge – are limited.
  • Focus areas can include monitoring, water quality and use of life cycle costing for improved functionality