Egypt today is a country in transition. With one of the fastest growing populations in the world — estimates suggest that the population will increase from 93 to 120 million people by 2030 — Egypt’s infrastructure needs to keep pace. In both urban and rural areas, population growth has led to an expansion of settlements that strain current water and wastewater systems. Often, settlements are built over the heavily polluted, unsanitary waterways, posing a public health threat by carrying the risk of waterborne disease.
Since 1978, USAID invested more than $3.5 billion to help bring potable water and sanitation services to more than 25 million Egyptians, directly improving their health and environmental conditions. The Egypt Utilities Management (EUM) program has been a key contributor to this legacy; this $440 million investment by the American people over ten years has led to an increased quality of life for 10.5 million Egyptians.