Nepal

Article

Where WASH Saves Lives: Creating New Traditions in Nepal

On her first night of menstruation, and for every night of her period, 15-year-old Roshani Tiruwa was expected to leave the warmth and safety of her family home and sleep in a tiny windowless hut barely large enough to stretch out in. She ate less dinner than usual because, by custom, women are not allowed to eat dairy at this point in their cycle.

Partnership

Global Handwashing Partnership

The Global Handwashing Partnership is a coalition of international stakeholders who work explicitly to promote handwashing with soap and recognize hygiene as a pillar of international development and public health.

Activity

Su-SWASTHA

Su-SWASTHA operates in the Mid-Western Region where socio-economic development lags far behind. In 2009, there was an extensive cholera epidemic in the Mid- and Far Western Regions which claimed the lives of more than 300 people and drew attention to the urgent need for improvements of WASH conditions. Despite the fact that young children are more susceptible to diarrheal disease caused by unclean water as well as poor sanitation and hygiene practices, school sanitation continues to be an underfunded sector in Nepal.

Activity

Suaahara (Good Nutrition)

USAID has made substantial contributions to health and nutrition in partnership with the Government of Nepal (GON) and other external development partners. As part of its strategy to strengthen the country’s health and nutrition programs, USAID, in consultation with the Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP) and relevant partners, designed the Integrated Nutrition Project --‘Suaahara’ (Good Nutrition).

Activity

Hariyo Ban (“Green Forests”)

The five-year, $39 million Hariyo Ban project falls under the U.S. Government’s Global Climate Change Initiative, and is designed to reduce threats to the country’s ecosystems through interventions in two critical bio-diverse areas covering over a third of the country: the Terai Arc Landscape and the Chitwan-Annapurna Landscape. The project is designed to help communities build resilience to adverse effects of climate change and improve the livelihoods of Nepal’s most impoverished communities.

Activity

Health for Life

In spite of its mountainous Himalayan terrain and high rates of poverty, Nepal has experienced two decades of steady improvement in health and emerged as one of the few countries to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to reduce child and maternal mortality. For over 60 years, the U.S. Government has partnered with Nepal to strengthen the delivery of essential health services, especially for those in greatest need.

Activity

Knowledge-Based Integrated Sustainable Agriculture and Nutrition Project

The KISAN project, part of USAID’s global Feed the Future (FTF) initiative, is a $20 million five-year program working to advance food security objectives by increasing agricultural productivity. Nepal was one of 19 countries chosen for the Presidential FTF Initiative in 2010. KISAN builds the capacity of private sector and community based organizations to improve the availability of quality farm inputs; increase access to credit, extension and other services; and improve the competitiveness and efficiency of processors and other buyers.

Activity

Safe Practices on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene II

The project operates in Nepal’s Far-Western Region, where low access to water and sanitation facilities contributes to decreased socioeconomic development. In 2009, a cholera epidemic in the Farand Mid-Western regions claimed over 300 lives, spurring an increased focus on WASH in these areas. USAID/Nepal’s SAFE-WASH II project is designed to prevent such outbreaks and not only increase accessibility to water, sanitation, and hygiene facilities but to also ensure it reaches the most vulnerable communities.

Activity

Suaahara (Good Nutrition) II

The Suaahara II project in Nepal, funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), builds on the success of the Suaahara I project. The project’s goal is to improve the nutritional status of more than 1.5 million women and children under 2 years of age. Suaahara II will cover 40 underserved rural districts of Nepal (38 districts from Suaahara I and two additional districts). As one of the consortium partners, FHI 360 has responsibility for providing technical inputs into nutrition assessment counseling and support. The consortium is led by Helen Keller International.

Activity

Nepal Health and Hygiene Activity

The USAID-funded, five-year (2016 – 2021) Health and Hygiene Activity, named as Swachchhata, aims to contribute to Nepal’s 2014–2018 Country Development Cooperation Strategy (CDCS) goal of a healthier and well-nourished population. The project is implemented by SNV and its partner, Population Services International (PSI), with an overarching purpose of improving community health status through improved integration of hygiene and health services.