Ghana has made significant progress in safe water access at the national level, with 80 percent of Ghanaians able to access improved water sources as of 2015. However, only 27 percent of water comes from a safely managed source, meaning an improved source on premises, available when needed, and free from fecal contamination. Sanitation coverage remains lower than in other African countries; only 19 percent of urban residents and 9 percent of rural residents have access to basic sanitation. Maintenance and management of existing infrastructure remains a challenge, population growth and draining of wetlands combine to make water scarce, and rapid urbanization is further stressing access to clean water and sanitation in cities. Poor sanitation costs Ghana the equivalent of $290 million a year—about 1.6 percent of the national GDP. Open defecation alone costs the country $79 million.
Much of the water-related work in Ghana is done in partnership with Rotary International and Coca-Cola to extend the reach of USAID’s WASH programming. Other USAID activities fall under the WASH for Health project, which aims to increase the number of people in target areas with access to an improved drinking water supply; increase the availability of community-based health resources such as bore wells, clean water, and sanitation facilities; encourage individuals and communities to adopt positive behavior change; and strengthen the community’s ability to plan, manage, and maintain sustainable WASH.
From 2010 to 2015, USAID allocated $17.05 million toward WASH activities, resulting in 20,377 people gaining access to improved water sources; 17,906 people gaining access to an improved sanitation facility; 398 vendors distributing water purification and hygienic commodities; and 576,000 water purification tablets being distributed in cholera-affected areas, accompanied by sanitation and hygiene education efforts. As a result of USAID activities in FY 2016, 10,500 people gained access to improved drinking water services and 8,866 people gained access to improved sanitation services.
Source: USAID Development Experience Clearing House (DEC) and specific water activity websites. The funding level and start/end date shown here reflect the information available via the DEC or activity website at the time the activity was added to Globalwaters.org.
*Includes access to both basic and safely managed services