Feed the Future Tajikistan Health and Nutrition Activity

Located in Central Asia, Tajikistan is a post-conflict, post-Soviet country with significant food security needs: 10.4 percent of the population in the Feed the Future target region lives on less than $1.25 a day, and many women and children are undernourished.

Only about seven percent of Tajikistan’s land surface is arable due to its mountainous topography. Many farmers depend on irrigation, delivered through decades-old systems, in this landlocked, arid country. An estimated one million Tajik citizens migrate abroad to work and their remittances are among the highest in the world, equivalent to approximately half of the country’s gross domestic product.

Undernutrition in Tajikistan is a serious issue as nearly 30 percent of young children are stunted. Few infants are exclusively breastfed for the recommended length of time and only a small percentage of children under 2 years old receive acceptable nourishment. Diets are poorly balanced as families lack awareness of good nutrition and don't have access to fresh fruits and vegetables year-round. Limited access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities compounds the effects of poor nutrition.

Yet there is tremendous opportunity for improving agriculture and nutrition through the Tajik government’s leadership and partnership with development partners, the private sector, and others. Seventy-three percent of Tajikistan’s population lives in rural areas and the majority is engaged in agriculture. Across the country, agriculture accounts for 75 percent of employment and over a quarter of gross domestic product.

Activity Description
  • Expand markets and strengthen horticulture and orchard value chains
  • Increase productivity on smallholder farms
  • Help implement successful agricultural reforms in the target region, including land and water policies
  • Support government reform of national agriculture and nutrition policies
  • Help family and small commercial farms increase production and income
  • Develop the capacity of local institutions and community-based organizations
  • Improve nutrition and health, especially among women and children
Expected Outcomes
  • Reduce the prevalence of poverty in Feed the Future target regions by 20 percent
  • Reduce the prevalence of stunting in children under 5 years old in Feed the Future target regions by 20 percent
Actual Outcomes
  • More than 16,000 farmers and other producers applied new technologies and management practices with Feed the Future’s help last year.
  • Producers applied improved technologies and management practices on nearly 123,000 hectares of land with Feed the Future’s help.
  • More than 24,400 members of producer organizations and community-based organizations received U.S. Government assistance through Feed the Future in Tajikistan.
  • Producers used new, improved or rehabilitated irrigation services on 19,600 hectares of land with Feed the Future’s help.
  • U.S. Government programs reached more than 119,500 children under 5 years old to improve their nutrition